ONLINE BLOOD DONATION INFORMATION SYSTEM

Diploma

ABSTRACT

Web-based Blood Donation Management System is a management system website that enables individuals who want to donate blood to help the needy. It also enables hospitals to record and store the data for people who want to communicate with them, and it also provides a centralized blood bank database. The system is developed by using HTML, PHP, and MySQL as a database system to manage and store the data. The Waterfall Methodology, which is the traditional version and the classic approach of a system development life cycle, is used to develop and build the web-based blood bank. The system targets three types of user: the public who wants to donate blood, the recipients who need the donated blood, and the hospitals who that work as an intermediary to manage the communication between the donors and recipients. The main objectives for developing the website is to educate the community on the benefits of blood donation, develop a Web-Based Blood Bank System to manage the records of donors and recipients, and encourage voluntary blood donation, easily accessing any information about blood type and the distribution of the blood in various hospitals in M.I Wushishi, based on the hospital needs.


INTRODUCTION

Blood donation is the process of transferring blood from a healthy person to someone who needs it. It "occurs when a person voluntarily has blood drawn and used for transfusions and or made into biopharmaceutical medications by a process called fractionation.” Blood donation is very important health care and blood is a very unique and precious resource because it only can be obtained from blood donors. Donors participate to save many human beings each year, although some still die or suffer because of the lack of access to a safe blood transfusion (WHO, 2010). Blood is the “gift of life” that transfers from a healthy individual to others who are sick and in actual need of blood. In one hour’s time, from one unit of blood, red blood cells can be extracted for use in trauma or surgical patients. The liquid part of the blood, which called Plasma, is given to patients who have clotting problems. The third component of blood is platelets, which clot the blood when there are cuts and are often used in cancer and transplant patients. In a recent study supported by the National Blood Foundation, more than 5,000 individuals who were blood donors were asked why they donate blood, and the answer of three-quarters of the respondents was that they give blood to help others and giving blood makes them feel good about themselves (AABB, 2013).

Although the number of people who need blood is increasing and the availability of blood is decreasing there is no central Blood Bank that can manage the blood donation in Saudi Arabia. Each hospital has its own Blood Bank and its own procedures. Each Blood Blank is responsible for the management and control of transfusions and processing; it is also responsible for collecting the units and for the donor services (Alabdullateef, 2011). The general idea of the study is to develop a Web-Based Blood Bank to manage the records of the donors and the people who need blood. It educates the public on the benefits of blood donation to motivate them to donate blood for the people who need it. Millions of Saudis need blood transfusions each year, some of them need blood transfusions to replace the blood lost during surgery or after having serious accidents that cause them to lose some of their blood. Others may need blood because of illnesses such as anemia, cancer, bleeding disorders, and disorders of the immune system (NIH, 2012). Doctors may give the person whole blood or part of the blood, depending on the person's condition. Some people need red cells only if they are anemic or if they lost a lot of blood after having a serious accident. For those who are bleeding too much during surgery, they need plasma, and for those who have cancer or bleeding problem, they need platelets (Kids Health, 2012).


AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF STUDY

The aim of the study is to develop a Web-Based Blood Donor Information System to manage the records of the people who need blood so the donors can easily find them and donate blood to them.