MIGRATION AND PLACE ATTRACTIVENESS

Diploma

Introduction

What is it that makes some places appear more attractive than others to live in? Does it depend on the particular characteristics or situation of the persons considering the attractiveness, in what phase in life the persons find themselves in, or are there some common features, perhaps place characteristics that are viewed positively by all, independently of context? The present thesis sets out to examine place attractiveness from a migration perspective. This topic is important since the ability of places to attract migrants has become a key issue in recent development debates. However, place attractiveness is problematic to approach due to the abstract and usually subjectively understood nature of the concept. The thesis will therefore present a conceptual framework from which it is argued that place attractiveness is suitably approached in a migration context. The thesis also examines what it is that makes some places more attractive than other places, when and for whom.

The thesis begins with this summary, which serves as general introduction to the six attached papers that contribute empirical, methodological and theoretical perspectives in order to facilitate a better understanding of place attractiveness and migration in Sweden. In this introductory section current debates relating to place attractiveness and migration will first be reviewed before moving on to a presentation of the aim of the thesis and the more specific research questions addressed in the attached papers. The summary also contains a proposal for a conceptual framework for the study of place attractiveness in a migration context. This is followed by a brief review of the concept of migration and how it is used in the attached papers before the results of the thesis are discussed. Lastly, this introductory section ends with a summary in Swedish. The term “place” is used in a general sense throughout the summary, encompassing geographical terms such as space, region, municipality, neighbourhood, etc. The term “migration” should be interpreted as interregional or long-distance migration within Sweden.