DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A WEB-BASED INFORMATION SYSTEM
Information, Communication Technology is an integrated part of our society. Communication tasks in a society include sharing of knowledge, socializing new members, entertaining people, and gaining consensus through persuasion or control (Schramm, 1977). The person or the institution
Responsible for carrying out the communication tasks changes with time. For example, parents used to be the major socializing agents in a traditional society, while the schools and the mass media are now playing a more important role in socializing new members in a modern society (Schramm, 1977). Exposure to mass media, in particular the television, was considered a major socializing agent for adolescents (Mangleburg and Bristol, 1998). With new forms of media emerge and the convergence of media technology, the patterns of media usage will inevitably be undergone rapid changes.
A characteristic of the new ICTs (Information and Communication Technologies) is the multi-function capacity. For example, a computer can be used for searching information as well as for listening to online broadcast programs. In order to understand how the young consumers use the Internet and the traditional media, we need to look into the specific uses or the specific motivations. Although research about the Internet has grown exponentially along with the development and spread of ICTs, it still remains a comparatively small body of literature (Kim and Weaver, 2002).
A number of studies have identified attitudinal and behavioral differences between societies and cultures that use the Internet (Bonfadelli, 2002; Lenhart et al., 2000; National Telecommunications and Information Administration, 2000). Unlike television viewing, where parents can execute mediation and control confidently and smoothly, monitoring Internet use is much more complicated. For example, certain television program genres (cartoons and educational shows) can quickly be judged as safe. Parents found it difficult to mediate the use of Internet. Even if parents logged online, they would have a narrower range of personal goals online and use Internet at a smaller range of places (Loges and Jung, 2001).
STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS
Design and Implementation of a Web-based Information System for students and parents’ guide in School, following the demand and importance of information in the economy nowadays. The current manual system used in disseminating information to parents by schools is not effective at all, some lapses is still existing in the process involved in carrying out the activities that goes on in the communication between the school and the parents/guide. These lapses includes: -
i. Communication and information transfer within the school and the Parents/Guidance is still manually done which sometimes parents get them at late time.
ii. Information is not easily accessible as quickly as possible.
iii. It is difficult to obtain accurate information about a particular event, some students do misplace the Bulletin giving to them by the school.
iv. Lack of adequate backup; it is very impossible to get information about an old meeting.
v. Due to manual system they operate, It takes the official’s long period of time to finish processing information and sending of response to the targeted parents/guidance.
vi. Parents/guidance point of view in certain issue is sometimes deny because of the manual system of information communication between the parents and the school.
These are problem that this project work intends to solve because with this information would be passed to the parents/guidance through the network system and in encrypted form.
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES
The main aim of this research project is to eradicate the problem associated with easy access to information on the school management and administrative which can be achieved by designing a website which is very flexible and information easily accessible by anybody, anywhere in the world who is a parent/guidance of a child in the school.
i. Reducing paper work as Information may now be displayed on terminal screen on demand.
ii. To provide a system that can process as May number of request/complain records as possible within the shortest time as possible.
iii. To know the exact number of Student’s parents/guidance in the school using specified database software.
iv. To show the effectiveness of computer for easy access to information by a qualified properly trained staff.
v. To bring improvement and progress for both the management of the School and the Parents/Guidance.