GRID COMPUTING IMPLEMENTATION IN STAFF COMMUNICATION

Postgraduate

GENERAL INTRODUCTION

Grid computing in general is a special type of parallel computing that relies on complete computers (with onboard CPU, storage, power supply, network interface, etc.) connected to a network (private, public or the Internet) by a conventional network interface.

 

Grid computing involves computation in a distributed fashion, which may also involve the aggregation of large-scale computing based systems. The size of a Grid may vary from being small or confined to a network of computer workstations within a corporation to being large, public collaboration across many companies and networks. IBM defines grid computing as the ability of using a set of open standards and protocols, to gain access to applications and data, processing power, storage capacity and a vast array of other computing resources over the Internet. Grid computing in the context of this project is a combination of computer resources from a single administrative domain for a common goal. It works like an intranet.

 

An intranet is a self-contained, internal network linking multiples users by means of internet technology. Internet works in way that best suits depending on how an intranet is designed. The real beauty of an intranet is flexibility. There is no single formula or universal template, meaning that each organization can define, design and use the intranet in the manner that best suit its individual culture and supports its business objectives.

In effect, intranets put a fence around the world internet’s limitless territory, establishing controlled-access sectors within which users can communicate freely and interact. Built and managed by companies or organizations (called sponsors), these networks reside on the World Wide Web, enabling cross-platform  communications   among authorized users in real time.

Intranets as such are not a new idea. In fact, some of the most used internet applications-such as bulletin boards (BBSs) and commercial access services such as American on-line (AOL) are, in effect, large-scale intranets, i.e. they link designated groups of users whose access to a given internet site is determined by password or other user recognition mechanisms. For example, each AOL subscriber has an individual account for which a password is established to control access.

 

The password system enables users to pick and choose internet features that interest them, to contract for services on an individual basis, and to engage in a number of Web-based transactions. On the other side of the equation, the system allows commercial service providers to track subscribers' usage and maintain account and billing Information.

 

The basic difference between general access subscriber services and an organization's own intranet lies in the structure and intended usage. Although the concept is essentially the same, the difference in one sense is that of mass versus class. Broad-based consumer oriented services tend to offer all things to all people for all reasons, while organization specific intranets focus on a finite group of people requiring a defined range of capabilities to achieve specific goals.

 

A common mistake in considering intranets is to think of them as electronic mail. Conceptually, e-mail and intranet applications share some common traits; for example, both offer a private forum and both enable the exchange of messages. However, an intranet is fundamentally different by virtue of its residence on the World Wide Web. As a result, intranets are both more sophisticated and more versatile than the relatively static electronic mail.

In essence, conventional electronic mail uses a central routing to provide linear, sequential communication between two users. Intranet, on the other hand, functions using internet technology. This means that multiple users can collaborate on documents, and exchange graphics, audio and video media. Depending on how an intranet is designed, users can "jump out" of an intranet and onto the "regular"' Web for research or other purposes without noticing that they are moving from the intranet to the internet. The real beauty of an intranet is flexibility. There is no single formula or universal template, meaning that each organization can define, design and use the intranet in the manner that best suit its individual culture and supports its business objectives.


STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

The prevailing structure of information communication is a major problem with the current system in Venture Undertaking posed a great problem in information access, retrieval, storage from the different Department in the organization. It does not allow for more effective and efficient communication which can be achieved through electronic method of communication rather than the prevailing manual method of communication.

 

OBJECTIVES

The objectives of the project are to successfully design and implement a system which will provide the following benefits:

·         To provide a system that sends memo in real time.

·         To implement a system that sends and receives intranet E-mail.

·         To enhance online chats between staffs on the intranet.

·         To implement a system that informs members of staff about upcoming organizational events in the form of updates.

·         To enhances easy workflow by eliminating delays in approval.

·         To establish a system that is cost effective