DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF AN INTELLIGENT TRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEM

Postgraduate

INTRODUCTION

 

This project is about integration of intelligent traffic control system, for the types of collisions, congestions and traffics rules. The examples and perceptive in this project deal primarily with

World computerized traffic control system and some civilized countries.

Traffic light, also known as traffic signal, stop light, traffic lamp, stop and go light, robots or semaphore, are signaling devices positioned at road inspections, pedestrian crossing, and other locations to control competing flows of traffic.


Statement of the problem

Traffic congestion is an increasing problem in cities and sub urban spend more of their time commuting to work, school, shopping, and social event as well as dealing with traffic light jambs and accidents. Traffic became heavy in all directions, more to and from cities as well as between sub urban locations. Sub urban business locations required huge parking lots because employees have to drive; there were few buses trains, or trolleys to carry scatter workers to their work place. The hope of reduced congestion in the sub urban had not been realized; long commutes and traffic jams could be found everywhere.


AIMS AND OBJECTIVES

 

Intelligent Traffic System provides travel opportunities and additional travel choices for more people in more ways, wherever they live, work and play, regardless of age or disability.

The aims of this research work are:

 

- To design and implement an intelligent traffic control system.

- To develop a suitable algorithm to implement the design.

- To simulate the intelligent traffic control using Visual Basic programming.

The first objective is to make each of the traffic lights or semaphores smart. That is, aware of the time of day, basic turn red, green or yellow rules, and perhaps what traffic looks like in all directions based upon locally mounted signals. In achieving these aims, the following objectives will also be followed:

- To design a simple system that is easily adaptable to the existing traffic conditions at the junction, involving a minimum of physical changes in the intersection.

- To provide the quickest possible clearance to vehicular and pedestrian traffic in all directions at a junction.

- To a design flexible artificial intelligence traffic light system that will take care of changes in the traffic density and character.

- To reduce the stress of the traffic warder.

- To reduce the occurrence of possible accident.

- To verify the efficacy of the program.