DESIGN AND DEVELOPEMENT ORPHANAGE HOME MANAGEMENT SYST

Undergraduate

ABSTRACT

 Orphanage is the name to describe a residential institution devoted to the care of orphans whose parents are deceased. Parent and sometimes grandparent are legally responsible for supporting children, but in the absence of these, or other relatives willing to care for the children, they lose all protection. Orphanages provide an alternative to foster care or adoption by giving orphans a community-based setting in which they live and learn. This paper proposed an orphanage management information system that will change the conventional manual management to a computerized management system. This will facilitate information acquisition, storage and retrieval using Microsoft access. Visual Basic 6.0 programming language was used for user interface design and it provides the necessary codes in achieving the aims of the system.


 GENERAL OVERVIEW

Orphanage is the name to describe a residential institution devoted to the care of orphans whose parents are deceased (Kenzie, 1999). Parent and sometimes grandparent are legally responsible for supporting children, but in the absence of these, or other relatives willing to care for the children, they lose all protection, therefore, orphanage are a way of providing for their care and housing (Frank, 2003). Orphanages provide an alternative to foster care or adoption by giving orphans a community-based setting in which they live and learn (Eisenberg, 1996).Other alternative names for an orphanage are Group Home, Children’s Center, Rehabilitation Center and Youth Center(ADIE, 2010).

Many orphanages practiced some form of “binding-out” in which children as soon as they are old enough, are given out as apprentices to households, this will ensure their support and their learning (Frank, 2003).In this 21st century, a much more common situation is that orphanages care for children who do have at least one parent and sometimes have two parents available. However, these parents are often dealing with problems of their own, such as drug addiction, financial difficulties or other reasons that they cannot care for their children. These parents sometimes retain parental rights, meaning they hope to recover their children once their fortunes turn around, while others the issue of the orphan child is one that has brought a lot of worries and concern in recent times, it is an issue which is very prevalent in Nigerian society as many adolescent children are victims (United State Department of Health and Human Services, 2004).This implies that orphans do not have siblings or any other form of relatives, home or identity, for these reason they lack the usually ambiance enjoyed in the family circle as well as the basic amenities of life and are more or less neglected by the general public (Paul Demuro, 2005). It is bad enough to be an orphan, adding the lack of basic and social amenities, total neglect and insensitivity of the general public makes it even more unbearable (McKenzie, 1999). It is in this light that some organizations make effort to curb these general problems by providing orphanage institutions (Frank, 2003). Therefore, Orphanage information System is central to the management of orphanage institutions, they are particularly valuable where records of orphans and their transaction are needed to be kept for future use. They also offer flexibility in accessing and retrieving of information.


AIM AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The aim of this project is to DESIGN AND DEVELOPEMENT ORPHANAGE HOME MANAGEMENT SYSTEM; the following are the objective of the system

1.     To design an automated orphanage management system.

2.     To develop an algorithm that will help to implement the system design.